Kyo-Nichu,the original incarnation of Toba High School
Kyoto Prefectural Kyoto Second Middle School(affectionately known as Kyo-Nichu) wasfounded here on April the 1st, 1900, under the name Kyoto-fu Daini Chugakko. The inaugural class numbered 400 studentsand the school's first principal, Saijiro Nakayama, was an ambitious young educatorfrom Tokyo Imperial University.
Saijiro Nakayama, born in Fukui Prefecturein 1867, majored in history at Tokyo Imperial University, where he studied withnovelist Soseki Natsume and poet Shiki Masaoka. He became principal at 34 yearsof age. During his 31 years of service as principal, he established his uniqueschool spirit, which was called 'Nakayama's Nichu'among the public. Nakayama was strict and thorough in school management, butopen-hearted and friendly towards his students. He treated them as if they werehis own family and enjoyed sports and music with them. He himself swung aracket, pulled on the oars, and often invited students to go skiing andclimbing. He played the violin for students from time to time, and offered themmeals of his own cooking: all in order to keep stimulating and encouraging them.
The principle of education at Kyo-Nichu was to cultivate one's moralcharacter by the school's ethos of 'simplicity, sincerity and fortitude,' andto attain the ability to self-acquire and learn one's academic work. Above all,emphasis was put on developing a healthy body. To that end sport clubactivities were promoted in large measure, along with many different sportsevents within the school year. In 1915, the baseball team won The First NationalHigh School Baseball Championship, leaving the school's name in Japan's baseballhistory. The school's students were among the strongest contestants in the entirecountry in tennis, rowing, track and field, kendo, judo and climbing. Nakayama wasalso renowned as 'a wizard at skiing' in the Kansai Area, and received ski trainingfrom Austrian major, Theodor von Lerch. As such Nakayama began and implementedthe school ski training program in Japan. Also, the school's brass band, whichwas formed in 1909, enjoyed a reputation as a great representative in the pioneerdays of Japanese school bands. Kyo-Nichuperfectly excelled in what is now called 'both scholarly work and martial arts,'leading other schools around the country. Accordingly, important figures such as physicist and Person of CulturalMerits Shinkichi Horiba, medical scientist and President of Kyoto University KoHirasawa, visionary post-war mayor of Kyoto Yoshizo Takayama, world-renowned filmdirector Nagisa Oshima, and many othersattendedschool here. Indeed, Kyo-Nichu cast a spectacular shaft of light on themodern history of education in Kyoto.
KyotoPrefectural Toba High School